Visible Transmittance

So you picked out your new windows after doing all of your research.  You ordered them then waited a few weeks for delivery and installation.  The morning after the big day you’re walking around drinking a warm cup of coffee in your slippers admiring your fancy new windows.  Then you notice that it feels a little darker in here than it used to.  Is it cloudy outside?  No, that’s not it.  It turns out the glass area of your new windows is quite a bit smaller than your old windows and it looks like those fancy triple pane windows are also a little bit tinted.  You hadn’t expected that, but there isn’t much that can be done about it now.  This happens all the time and it’s exactly why visible transmittance is an important rating to consider.

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The visible transmittance (or VT as it’s known) is a measure of how much light gets through the window.  This is typically determined by the thickness of the frame and sash, but the coating or tint on the glass and any grids or muntins will also affect the ratings as they block some of the light.

Take a look at this picture of two relatively popular window models.  These 2 windows are the exact same size and when they’re ordered with the same options they have the same efficiency ratings.

pic of a window with a good vt rating along with one that is not as good.
Notice the difference in visible transmittance in these two replacement windows and consider how it will affect the look and feel of your home.

One of them sure does block a lot of light and I’d bet many of the folks ordering that product aren’t aware that they had another choice.

Why then would a company promote that thicker model if it’s not more efficient?  As always is the case in life the answer isn’t as simple as you’d hope.  That thicker window does allow for heavier triple pane glass where the thinner model can only offer double pane.  For the customer who wants triple pane glass that represents a pretty good option.  For the customer who wants double pane it makes no sense at all.

What’s the tricky sales tactic?

Unfortunately when there’s a good reason for something there’s typically also a bad reason.  Some salespeople will use a cutaway piece of that thicker window to sell you on “strength” they’ll show you how it has 37 air chambers in the frame and talk about those “other” windows that use thinner weaker frames.

As you’ve probably guessed by now there is absolutely no reason that you’d need to take their word on something like this.  The “strength” of a product is measured by the design pressure which will be covered in another post.  Does this thicker window have a better/higher design pressure than the thinner one?  Nope.  They’re exactly the same.

So how do I compare the options?

In order to compare you’ll need to know what you’re comparing.  Options like types of glass or grids will affect the ratings.  One company might give you the rating with grids between the glass and another might give you the rating without.  If you don’t know what you’re comparing you’ll be likely to misinterpret the information.

To make things relatively simple (everything is relative right?) I’d suggest comparing options without grids and with the glass option that you’re leaning towards.  Taking the grids out of the equation will give you the info based on the frame size and the glass coating alone.  If you will be ordering your windows with grids they will typically be almost exactly the same from one manufacturer to another so they won’t make much (if any) difference.

So what’s a good or a great rating?

Assuming you’re comparing energy star rated double pane windows a pretty good option will be in the range of 0.54 or better.  Great options will be as high as 0.56.

Triple pane options will reduce the VT rating as the light needs to pass through 3 panes of glass and typically 2 low-e coatings.  They will also often have thicker frames as shown in the pic above.  A pretty good triple pane window will offer a VT of 0.42 or better, but some will go as low 0.30 depending on the window and the glass option.  Remember a lower number means a darker living room so be sure you understand what you’re picking.

Getting a more efficient window does sometimes result in a lower VT so that’s a trade off you’ll need to consider.  For me it’s a big deal as I love the sunlight, but other folks don’t care.  It’s your house not mine; get whatever makes you happy!

If you’re looking for a window company right now, the best advice we have is to join Angie’s List.  For just a couple bucks you can get a 1-month membership and it’ll be worth much more than a caramel macchiato in the long run.  You can find the best pricing for Angie’s List on the internet right here

If you’re already a member of Angie’s List or if you’re just not going to join (despite my ringing endorsement), you can find our suggestions for the best companies in your area right here.

Update: We now have more recommend LOCAL window companies than ever before.   Click here to see who we recommend in your town.  It's 100% free.  You'll thank me.  There is no better resource; you're going to love it.  See for yourself right here.  

10 thoughts on “Visible Transmittance”

  1. Thanks for your personal marvelous posting! I genuinely enjoyed reading it, you might be a great author.I will always bookmark your blog and will often come back very soon. I want to encourage you to continue your great posts, have a nice weekend!

    1. I agree with Micki – you have a talent for putting your words down in a very readable and enjoyable way! Thank you for the information you presented…it has helped me make a decision!

  2. I absolutely LOVE this post. I only wish I would have known some of this before I bought my window and patio door. My latest issue now is that my picture window in the living room has a visible transmittance rating of .33. It’s because I have triple pane, lowE-366, and also have two coated panes instead of just one. I have an appt. with Home Depot to discuss other options. I also called Simonton and Cardinal, and now understand this rating better than I did. The best I am going to get from Simonton is in the high 40s. This blog helps because now I know the industry range. I also was told by Simonton that the glass manufacturer will have a much higher LT rating because it is only the glass that is being rated.

    1. Glad we could help! It is important to understand what the rating you’re looking at means. All windows come with a visible transmittance rating fro the NFRC so that should be pretty easy to compare. Good luck!

  3. Great explanations on window ratings. Thanks! One question regarding VT, is there any way I can approximate the current VT for my windows? House was built in 1950s and has original single pane clear glass windows with storms. Just looking for a rough approximation, it seems that current VT would be pretty high, 0.7, or do you think lower? I would like to estimate if the rooms will get 20-30% (!!) darker when going with double or triple pane and 0.4-0.5 VT. Thanks in advance!

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